It’s easy to accuse football matches or other sports of being compromised by the practice of match-fixing. But some people don’t even really know how a match or competition can be managed. It’s not as simple as bribing a Daftar Bandar Bola Terpercaya player or referee to do something.
Basically match-fixing is not cheating behavior. Match-fixing occurs when a party agrees to lose, draw, or win the other party by not trying their best. While cheating is justifying any means to win, for example doping.
There are two types of match-fixing in football, namely arranged match-fixing and gambling match-fixing.
Arranged match-fixing occurs when corruptors manipulate a football match to ensure that one team loses or draws. While match-fixing gambling occurs when corruptors manipulate with the intention of getting the maximum profit in the betting sbobetasia login.
If you want to be beaten evenly, arranged match-fixing only benefits one team, while match-fixing gambling makes a team sabotage by certain parties for the benefit of that party.
So in match-fixing gambling, a corruptor doesn’t care if Team A or Team B loses or wins. They only care about their personal gain. It would be better even if they could control multiple parties (in this case Teams A and B).
According to Declan Hill (a journalist and academic specializing in match-fixing cases), 88.2% of arranged match-fixing cases were initiated by the team administrator. Then in match-fixing gambling, 86.4% of “games” are initiated by external agents such as bookies or criminal organizations.
Match-fixing operations in football are also divided into two, namely small but frequent and long-term “games”; or “game” is very big but in a short time. The second type of surgery is usually more suspicious. For example: The dark horse team can win in a final.
Betting Market Influence
Actually match-fixing is not always based on gambling (gambling). But gambling does affect the outcome of sports matches a lot because many people bet, from football, Formula 1 racing, cricket, even to the lowest level and do not attract public attention such as the U16 women’s match in the seventh division.
In betting or gambling markets, the main purpose of fixing is to get the maximum profit. Therefore there are two arrangements that occur, namely match fixing and betting market regulation.
Every game has its own odds. This is what makes bets valuable. Corruptors usually have a problem, namely if they manage to get “players” to lose the match, they will bet on their opponent’s team to win. That way they get an advantage.
The more money they bet against their “players”, the more money they will get. This is called “regulating the betting market”.
If the bettor (corruptor) places too much money, the bookie will be suspicious so the odds can change. Whereas if they place too small, it will make match-fixing unfeasible, so that their bribes to “players” are wasted in the betting market.
For corruptors who do not have enough money, they will involve investors, which makes the corruptors act as brokers: they arrange matches for “players”, then go to investors who can provide them with a lot of money.
Therefore, bettors (corruptors) always try not to be caught, because the main point of match-fixing is to deceive the bookie in order to make a profit for the corrupt. Here, the city can actually be a “victim”, not a perpetrator.
This is also the reason match-fixing is more difficult in important matches (such as the World Cup) because the money flowing will be very large and also more suspicious. Match-fixing is common in the minor leagues because “players” can be paid less (especially if “players” haven’t been paid for a long time) and are less suspicious (because not many people care) even if the profits are small.
In general, match-fixing “players” are carried out by referees, players, and team administrators (managers, team presidents, coaches, etc.). Still according to Hill, the average match-fixing success rate becomes greater if someone bribes the team administrator (90.5% success) rather than players (83.1%) or referees (77.8%).
Why is the team administrator more likely to be successful? Whereas referees and players are those who are directly on the field, who can directly affect the result/score.
Basically the more people involved in the “game”, the higher the chances of success. If someone can influence a team administrator, it means they can influence the team as a whole instead of individuals such as players or referees.